Written by on 4/15/2014 12:00:00 PM
Experts report in the Annals of Internal Medicine that the number of cases of diabetes has doubled over the last two decades. Researchers state that the number of Americans with diabetes has risen from 5.5% to 9.3%, paralleling the rise in obesity over the last 20 years.
According to the article, the number of Americans with diabetes could reach 44 million by 2034 if changes are not made in healthcare diagnosis, access and education.
Written by on 4/10/2014 8:00:00 AM
Using computers late at night, keeping your mobile devices on alert so that you don’t miss any messages, or being a night shift worker could all lead to weight gain. Researchers from Ohio State University say nighttime exposure to even low levels of light changes the body’s sleep cycle, which in turn may lead to weight gain. Their review article found evidence that shift workers have prolonged exposure to light during the nighttime and the byproduct is increased health risks that impact mood, sleep cycle, brain function and metabolism.
Another recent study in Nature Communication by Matthew P. Walkers, UC Berkeley, found sleep deprivation is a double hit on brain activity. In this study, adults who were sleep deprived for just one night responded strongly to junk food and couldn’t rein in the impulse to eat that food. Dr. Walker says both the stress hormone cortisol increases and so do the hormones that stimulate appetite. Overall, the human body may be awake for 16 hours, but then the brain wants to go offline and get some rest. Dr. Walker adds, “Sleep is the single most effective thing people can do to reset their brain and body health.”
Written by on 4/3/2014 9:31:00 AM
The journal Nature Genetics published an international study that looked at the relationship between body weight and this gene. AMY1 is responsible for an enzyme in our saliva, and when we eat, this enzyme is the first to break down the starchy carbs before they get to our stomach and intestines. An individual will usually have multiple copies of the gene, but some people have more or less.
Based on an international database, researchers found that people who carried a low number of copies of the AMY1 gene (less than four versus more than nine) have eight times the risk of being obese. continue reading ...
Written by on 4/1/2014 11:01:00 AM
The STAMPEDE clinical trial reports three year results that show weight loss surgery can help reverse diabetes and its effects.
In 150 obese adults with uncontrolled types 2 diabetes, bariatric surgery (gastric bypass) with medication therapy was found to be a better treatment than intensive medical therapy for glycemic control alone. Overall, health indicators (BMI, body weight, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol and overall quality of life) significantly improved. Some patients achieved complete remission from type 2 diabetes. Read more >>
Source: Medscape Medical News, March 31, 2014 from an American College of Cardiology 2014 late-breaking session. Results were also published in the Schauer et al., New England Journal of Medicine, March 2014.
Written by on 3/31/2014 7:30:00 AM
Researchers in the United Kingdom looked at clinical outcomes of bariatric surgery and found that weight loss surgery, such as adjustable gastric banding, can significantly reduce the chance of heart attack, stroke and death in obese people. They reviewed 14 previous studies involving more than 29,000 bariatric surgery patients and compared outcomes for people who had bariatric surgery versus those who did not. Results showed that having weight loss surgery could reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke by almost 50 percent, and reduce death rates by 40 percent.
Sources: http://www.ecommunity.com/news/healthStory.aspx?id=686203 and http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167527314003799
Written by on 3/25/2014 4:00:00 PM
At the recent Society of Oncology meeting, Kristy Ward, MD, UC San Diego, reported new research that obese women who have bariatric surgery reduced their risk of developing uterine cancer by as much as 70 percent. If these women sustained a normal weight, the risk dropped even more to 81 percent.
More than 50,000 women were diagnosed with uterine cancer last year. Endometrial cancer affects the inner lining of the uterus and accounts for 95 percent of those cancers. "We know that endometrial cancer is strongly associated with obesity," reported Dr.Ward, the primary study author. "It has been estimated that as much as 37 percent of uterine cancer is associated with obesity.”
This study analyzed the University Health System Consortium dataset representing 7.4 million women between 2009 to 2013 and of the 830,000 women who were obese, 100,000 women had bariatric surgery.
Source: Society of Gynecologic Oncology 45th Annual Meeting on Women's Cancer, March 22, 2014 presentation/Abstract no. 4
Obesity and cancer infographic
Click to view full size in Pinterest.
Infographic source: www.aicr.org
Written by on 3/25/2014 7:30:00 AM
(Science Daily – March 18, 2014) A new study looked at the adverse events from eating fried foods four times a week. Harvard School of Public Health researchers concluded the genetic makeup of a person can inflate the effects of a bad diet. More than 37,000 men and women took part in the study by answering frequency questionnaires.
Professor Lu Qi said: "Our findings emphasize the importance of reducing fried food consumption in the prevention of obesity, particularly in individuals genetically predisposed to adiposity (fatness)."
Source: Qi Q. et al. Fried food consumption, genetic risk, and body mass index: gene-diet interaction analysis in three U.S. cohort studies. British Medical Journal, March 2014.
Written by on 3/19/2014 7:30:00 AM
Television pitchman Kevin Trudeau has been sentenced to federal prison for violating court orders prohibiting him from selling books with false claims about weight loss and other topics. Several of his books have been New York Times bestsellers, including The Weight Loss Cure 'They' Don’t Want You To Know About, which encouraged 500-calorie a day diets and hormone treatments. Trudeau has been convicted of appearing in misleading infomercials and misrepresenting his weight-loss books, cheating consumers out of millions of dollars.
Image source: http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/tv-infomercial-star-kevin-trudeau-sentenced-10-years-article-1.1724871
Written by on 3/17/2014 12:30:00 PM
Findings reported in the Teen-LABS* study show generally favorable outcomes for adolescents who underwent bariatric surgery for weight loss, with results comparable to adults who had the same surgeries. 242 teens under the age of 19 were followed from 2007-2011. 76% were girls with a median BMI of 50.5. Over half of the patients had four or more co-morbid conditions, such as high cholesterol, sleep apnea, joint/back pain and high blood pressure.
Two thirds of the patients underwent a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 5.8% had an adjustable gastric band, and 27.7% had a vertical sleeve gastrectomy. The patients were evaluated for major and minor complications immediately following surgery (short-term) and 30 days after surgery. In the short-term, 5% experienced a major complication; 7.9% had a minor complication. During the 30 days following, 7.9% experienced a major complication and 14.9% a minor issue.
The results suggest that teens struggling with high BMI, especially with co-morbidities, may consider weight loss surgery as an option for weight reduction, in consultation with their healthcare provider.
Source: JAMA Pediatrics. 2014;168:47-53; Medscape Viewpoint
*Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery
Written by on 3/13/2014 12:00:00 PM
Drinks marketed to children as "healthier" because they are fruit-flavored may actually contain high amounts of bad sugars. According to Dr. Deepa Verma, boxed juices can be just as bad as drinking soda, leading to childhood obesity and tooth decay. Apple juice, for example, has almost no natural ingredients and is full of sugar. Dr. Verma notes, "Natural doesn't always mean good for you...organic-looking packaging...doesn't mean the contents are good for your kids."
So what kids drinks are the worst offenders of added sugar? Here are the top ten most over-sweetened beverages (*per 8-oz serving):
- Nesquik Strawberry Milk (29.59 grams sugar - more than 8 Chips Ahoy cookies!)
- Kool-Aid Jammers - Blue Raspberry (25.33 grams sugar - more than a full-size Hershey's chocolate bar)
- MinuteMaid Fruit Punch (5% juice blend; 25 grams sugar)
- CapriSun (20 grams sugar)
- Hi-C Orange Lavaburst (21 grams sugar)
- Hawaiian Punch Berry Limeade Blast (17 grams sugar)
- SunnyD (3% juice; 14 grams sugar)
- Hawaiian Punch Fruit Juicy Red (14 grams sugar)
- Honest Kids Goodness Grapeness (10 grams sugar)
- Motts for Tots Apple Juice (15 grams sugar)
Sugary drink alternatives
The next time you reach for a juice box for your child, consider lower-sugar alternatives, such as coconut water and smoothies blended with low-sugar whole fruits (berries, cherries, apples, lemon juice) and veggies. For chocolate milk, try blending whole milk with cocoa powder and honey.
Source and image: http://www.thedailymeal.com/12-most-over-sweetened-kids-drinks/22614